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Examining Employment

Amid the relatively tepid performance last week in the markets, we reached a big milestone on May 1: Our current economic expansion is now officially the 2nd longest on record. For 8 years and 10 months, the economy has been growing (albeit slowly), and many sectors still have room to advance (hopefully).[i]

As we look to better understand where we are today, Friday’s employment report provides key insights into our economic health.

What We Learned About Employment

1. Growth Slowed

The report indicated that the economy added fewer jobs than expected in April, and average hourly wage growth also grew more slowly than forecast. Federal Reserve members watch this data closely to help anticipate changes in inflation.[ii]

2. Participation Dropped

The percentage of working-age people participating in the labor force dropped by 0.1%.[iii] This decline may result from people retiring or returning to school but can also come from people choosing to stop looking for work. The lower participation rate may contradict some of the more positive trends we’ve seen recently.[iv]

3. Unemployment Declined

Despite missing growth projections, unemployment fell to 3.9%, the lowest point in 18 years.[v] The rate has only dropped below 4% during 3 other periods.[vi] It’s important to note that the low unemployment numbers came more from the lower labor force participation rate than from more people finding jobs.[vii]

Key Takeaway

Lower participation rates could affect long-term economic growth. However, the combination of low unemployment and reasonable wage growth are likely a positive scenario for the economy. Many people who want jobs have them, but inflation should remain under control.[viii]

As the bull market lumbers toward its 9th year, many reports continue to indicate a solid economy.[ix] If the economic expansion continues through July 2019, it would be the longest in history (with records going back to the 1850s).[x] While that accomplishment would be noteworthy, our focus remains on current circumstances and striving to find insight that affects your financial future. From trade to jobs to manufacturing and beyond, we have many details to watch on your behalf, and for that we are thankful.

[i] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-01/as-u-s-expansion-hits-endurance-milestone-here-s-what-s-next

[ii] https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/04/us-stock-futures-dow-earnings-trade-talks-and-nonfarms-on-the-agenda.html

[iii] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-04/tepid-wages-participation-mute-celebration-on-u-s-jobless-rate

[iv] https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2018-05-04/unemployment-hits-lowest-level-since-2000

[v] https://www.cnbc.com/2018/05/04/us-stock-futures-dow-earnings-trade-talks-and-nonfarms-on-the-agenda.html

[vi] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-04/tepid-wages-participation-mute-celebration-on-u-s-jobless-rate

[vii] https://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2018-05-04/unemployment-hits-lowest-level-since-2000

[viii] https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-stocks/wall-st-rallies-as-inflation-fears-ebb-apple-hits-record-high-idUSKBN1I51CG

[ix] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-04/nine-days-one-signal-u-s-economy-is-doing-fine-if-not-great

[x] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-05-01/as-u-s-expansion-hits-endurance-milestone-here-s-what-s-next

 

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